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The Three Cloud Computing Service Models

Three Cloud Computing Service ModelsWhich Cloud Computing Service Model is Right for Your Business?

Connection and accessibility are crucial in the modern business world, and cloud computing allows your business to work wherever you like, whenever you like. However, cloud computing is not quite as simple at it may seem. Inside of the world of cloud computing, there are three major service models. By comparing the three different models, you will be better able to determine which cloud computing service model is right for your business. 


The Three Cloud Models

The three types of cloud models are Infrastructure-as-a-Service, Platform-as-a-Service, and Software-as-a-Service. Their basic functions can be summarized in the phrases 'Host', 'Build', and 'Consume'. Each offers a different level of flexibility and control over the product that your business is 'buying'. Each also varies in its relationship to your existing IT infrastructure. Because of the wide variances between the three, it is important to determine which model will suit your business's needs the best.


Three Cloud Computing Service Models


1. Software as a Service (SaaS)

The SaaS model allows your business to quickly access cloud-based web applications without committing to installing new infrastructure. The applications run on the vendor's cloud, which they, of course, control and maintain. The applications are available for use with a paid licensed subscription, or for free with limited access. SaaS does not require any installations or downloads in your existing infrastructure, which in turn eliminates the need to install, maintain, and update applications on each of your computers.

Advantages of SaaS

  1. Affordable

    On-premise hardware is not required for this model, which keeps the costs associated low. Small-scale businesses might find this cloud platform particularly appealing.

  2. Accessible Everywhere

    Cloud-based applications are accessible everywhere that there is internet access. As such, companies that require frequent collaboration find SaaS platforms useful as their employees can easily access the programs that they need. 


  3. Ready-to-Use

    With SaaS, the programs you need are already fully developed and ready to use. The set-up time for SaaS programs is greatly decreased from the other two types of cloud-based platforms.

Disadvantages of SaaS

  1. Lack of Control

    With SaaS, the vendor has control over the programs that your company is using. If you do not feel comfortable releasing the control of your critical business applications to another party, perhaps SaaS is not the best option for your business.

  2. Slower Speeds

    Relying upon internet access to function, SaaS applications tend to be slower than client/server applications. However, these programs are still typically quick, though not instantaneous.

  3. Variable Functions & Features

    In many cases, SaaS cloud-based applications have less functionality and features than their client/server counterparts. This disadvantage, however, may be void if your business only needs the features offered in the SaaS version to function.



2. Platform as a Service (PaaS)

With this model, a third-party vendor provides your business with a platform upon which your business can develop and run applications.

Because the vendor is hosting the cloud infrastructure which supports the platform, PaaS eliminates your need to install in-house hardware or software. Your business would not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure, but you would maintain control over the deployed applications (unlike with SaaS).

Advantages of PaaS

  1. Rapid Time-to-Market

    PaaS simplifies application management by eliminating the need to maintain and control the underlying infrastructure. As a result, applications can be developed and deployed faster. 

  2. Cost Effective Development

    A cloud-based platform provides your business with a base upon which to build your applications, as opposed to building from nothing, thus dramatically reducing the costs associated.

  3. Scalability

    Cloud-based platforms offer reusable code which, of course, makes it easier to develop and deploy applications, but also offers increased scalability.

Disadvantages of PaaS

  1. Vendor Lock-In

    It is difficult to migrate many of the services provided by one PaaS product to a competing product, thus making it hard to switch PaaS vendors. Downtime and additional expenses are likely to occur when switching from one PaaS provider to another.

  2. Security & Compliance

    In the PaaS model, the vendor will store most, or even all, of the application's data. As such, it is imperative to assess the security measures of the provider. This, though, often proves difficult as the vendor may be storing their databases via a third party, thus leaving you uninformed of the safety of your data.

  3. Lack of Compatibility

    It is possible that your current infrastructure may not be compatible with a cloud platform. If some elements cannot be cloud-enabled, you may have to switch from your current apps and programs to cloud-compatible counterparts in order to fully integrate. Alternately, you may need to leave these elements out of the cloud, and within your current infrastructure.


3. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

IaaS, as the most flexible of the cloud models, allows your business to have complete, scalable control over the management and customization of your infrastructure.

In the IaaS model, the cloud provider hosts your infrastructure components that would traditionally be present in an on-site data center (such as servers, storage and networking hardware). Your business, however, would maintain control over operating systems, storage, deployed applications, and possibly limited control of select networking components (e.g. host firewalls).

Advantages of IaaS

  1. Eliminates Capital Expenses

    Employing a cloud-based infrastructure eliminates the capital expense of deploying in-house hardware and software. Additionally, IaaS typically is offered as a pay-as-you-go model, with charges based either in time, or in the amount of virtual machine space that was used.

  2. Supports Flexibility

    IaaS is useful in supporting workloads that are temporary, may change unexpectedly, or are experimental. Like all workloads, these loads need infrastructure to support them, however it is expensive to commit to additional permanent in-house infrastructure for a temporary need. Cloud-based infrastructure answers the need for flexibility.

  3. Simple Deployment

    It is much easier for your cloud provider to deploy your servers, processing, storage, and networking in the IaaS model than it is for you to deploy these elements in-house, with no previous no base to build off of. As a result, your uptime will increase as your systems will be available for use more rapidly.

Disadvantages of IaaS

  1. Insight

    Because your entire infrastructure is maintained and controlled by your IaaS provider, it is rare that you will be provided with the details of its configuration and performance. In turn, this can make systems management and monitoring more difficult for your company.

  2. Variability of Resilience

    The availability and performance of the workload is highly dependent upon the provider. If the IaaS providers experiences internal or external downtime, your workloads will also be affected. 

  3. Costly

    IaaS models are typically much more costly than PaaS and SaaS models because they offer much more support to your business than the other two cloud models. However, they can still be cost-effective based on their utility to your business.


Which Model is Best Suited to Your Business?

Cloud-based models eliminate the need for in-house hardware, and in some cases, infrastructure. Whether it be the Software-as-a-Service, Platform-as-a-Service, or Infrastructure-as-a-Service model, cloud-based models can empower your business to work wherever you like, whenever you like!

If you are interested in continuing the discussion about which cloud-based model is right for your business, contact us today.

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