In an age where important and confidential information is increasingly stored online, IT security is crucial for protecting business, government, and personal information. The IT Security Lifecycle Model offers computer professionals an organized system of keeping track of security protocols, threats, and actions taken. The fifth step on this process is the security assessment.
When performing a security assessment, the IT professional needs to examine both technical and non-technical aspects of the network. The non-technical aspects focus around policy assessment as well as the plans and actions to be taken to avoid any breach in security. The technical aspects look at the designs of the security protocol as well as the capabilities of those in charge of the security to be sure they have the skills to perform the necessary operations.
When performing the non-technical aspects of the security assessment, there are a few things that need to be taken into account. First, the policies which are in place for the company which govern who has access to what information, non-disclosure agreements, and who performs what task. These should be secured to prevent information leaks. There should also be protection in place against viruses and protocols in place in the event of an informational breach. This information can be gathered and monitored through questionnaires, checklists, and interviews.
The technical portion should examine the skills contained by the IT staff of the office. This will help to determine how capable they will be to discover, tract, respond, and resolve any security issues that do arise. The security of the actual machines needs examination, such as passwords and access to the computers. There should also be a system in place to track network traffic and individual usage on the computers. Next, there should be a series of independent assessments run on the network to test the security. The ISS Internet Scanner will scan IP addresses and help to detect vulnerabilities within the system.
By completing regular security assessments, IT professionals can help to protect vital company and personal information. They help to keep protocols up to date and organized, which can help to prevent breaches and weaknesses from going undetected. It is a vital step in the IT Security Lifecycle model.